Génie Civil
Project Commercial Management

A BILL OF QUANTITIES is in effect a schedule of rates used to evaluate changes to the CONTRACT PRICE.

Strictly speaking, a CHANGE to the quantities will not be considered a CLAIM, however, changes to the quantities may invalidate the RATE and so could result in a CLAIM for a change to the unit rate to be applied.

What is a 'CONTRACT'?
A CONTRACT is a predetermined arrangement between the PARTIES setting out the precise details of the reciprocal arrangement. It encompasess details of the RIGHTS and OBLIGATIONS of each of the PARTIES to the agreement.

Si vous avez des questions, n'hésite pas de nous demander et sans obligation:

Par ailleurs, vous trouveriez ci joint quelques réponses aux questions les plus souvents demandé:

Sur ce page, vous trouveriez quelques définitions et points clé:

Note any word in CAPITALS is included in our dictionary of key contractual words.

What is a 'CLAIM'?
It seems obvious, until you try to define it precisely. So here is our definition, from a contractual point of view:

A 'CLAIM' is the excercise of a right or benefit from the other contracting party that is not more explicitly set out in a CONTRACT, and results from a change of circumstances compared to that known when the contract was entered into.

For example, an increased quantity would not be a (contractual) claim, when the Contract provides for a change of quantities, eg when there is a BILL OF QUANTITIES.


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The advice given here is given in good faith but without acceptance of responsability. Every situation requires a precise review of the exact situation, therefore before relying on the information provided herein, you are strongly recomended to take further advice, either from PCM-Europe, or from alternative advisors of your choosing.